List of alien species

List of alien species of zoobenthos recorded in the Black Sea,

from article: Shalovenkov N.N. Tendencies of Invasion of Alien Zoobenthic Species into the Black Sea. Russian Journal of Biological Invasions,2020, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 164–171.

 

Taxonomic groups, species

 

Year of discovery in the Black Sea

Protozoa, Foraminifera

Sorites orbiculus (Forskål in Niebuhr,, 1775) 2010

Coelenterata, Hydrozoa

Blackfordia virginica (Mayer, 1910) 1925
Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863) 1933
Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) 1932
Eudendrium vaginatum (Allman, 1863) 1990
Eudendrium capillare (Allman, 1856) 1990
Pachycordyle navis (Millard, 1959) 2002
Campanulina pumila (Clark, 1875) 1990

Anthozoa, Actiniaria

Diadumene lineata (Verrill, 1869) 1960
Sagartia elegans (Dalyell, 1848) 2008
Entoprocta, Kamptozoa
Urnatella gracilis Leidy, 1851 1950

Annelida, Polychaeta

Hesionides arenaria (Friedrich, 1937) 1950s
Sigambra tentaculata (Treadwell, 1941) 1960s
Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel, 1923) 1929
Polydora cornuta (Bosk, 1802) 1962
Glycera capitata (Oersted, 1843) 1970s
Nephthys ciliata (Muller, 1776) 1960s
Streptosyllis varians Webster & Benedict, 1887 1964
Capitellethus dispar  (Ehlers, 1907) 1959
Magelona mirabilis  (Johnston, 1845) 1970s
Polydora websteri Hartman in Loosanoff & Engle, 1943 1990
Streblospio shrubsolii (Buchanan, 1890) 1957
Streblospio gynobranchiata Rice & Levin, 1998 2001
Dipolydora quadrilobata (Jacobi, 1883) 1990s
Hydroides dianthus (Verrili, 1873) 2009
Prionospio pulchra Imajima, 1990 2000

Annelida, Oligochaeta

Tubificoides benedii  (Udekem, 1855) 1916

Crustacea, Cirripedia

Amphibalanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854) 1844
Amphibalanus eburneus (Gould, 1841) 1892
Amphibalanus amphitrite (Darvin, 1854) 1844

Crustacea, Isopoda

Sphaeroma walker (Stebbing, 1905) 2004
Saduria entomon (Linnaeus, 1758) 2009

Crustacea, Decapoda

Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) 1934
Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 1967
Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 1934
Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902 2008
Hemigrapsus sanguineus (De Haan, 1835) 2008
Dyspanopeus sayi  (Smith, 1869) 2009
Sirpus zariquieyi Gordon, 1953 1982
Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1844 [in De Haan, 1833-1850] 2005
Penaeus japonicus Spence Bate, 1888 1970s
Pandalus latirostris Rathbun, 1902 1959

Mollusca, Opisthobranchia

Trinchesia perca (Er. Marcus, 1958) 2007

Mollusca, Gastropoda

Corambe obscura (A. E. Verrill, 1870) 1986
Potamopyrgus antipodarum ( Gray, 1843) 1951
Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) 1946
Neptunea arthritica (Valenciennes, 1858) 2000
Ercolania viridis (A.Costa, 1866) 2001

Mollusca, Bivalvia

Teredo navalis Linnaeus, 1758 750-500 BC
Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) 1900-1910
Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) 1973
Mya arenaria Linnaeus, 1758 1966
Anadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906) 1968
Mytilopsis leucophaeata (Conrad, 1831) 2000
Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 1990
Mytilus trossulus Gould, 1850 2001
Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) 2000
Arcuatula senhousia (Benson, 1842) 2002
Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774) 1995-1999
Pteria hirundo (Linnaeus, 1758) 2002
Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850) 1985

Echinodermata, Asteroidea

Asterias  rubens Linnaeus, 1758 2003

Chordata, Ascidiacea

Styela clava Herdman, 1881 2004
Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843) 1971